A baritone is a type of classical male singing voice whose vocal range lies between the bass and the tenor voice types. It is the most common male voice. Originally from the Greek βαρύτονος (barýtonos), meaning deep (or heavy) sounding, music for this voice is typically written in the range from the second F below middle C to the F above middle C (i.e. F2–F4) in choral music, and from the second A below middle C to the A above middle C (A2 to A4) in operatic music, but can be extended at either end.
- Lyric baritone
- The kavalierbariton
- Verdi baritone
- Dramatic baritone
- Lyric Low Baritone/Lyric Bass-baritone
- Dramatic Bass-baritone/Low Baritone/Heldenbariton
A bass-baritone is a high-lying bass or low-lying “classical” baritone voice type which shares certain qualities with the true baritone voice. The term arose in the late 19th century to describe the particular type of voice required to sing three Wagnerian roles: the Dutchman in Der fliegende Holländer, Wotan/Der Wanderer in the Ring Cycle and Hans Sachs in Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg. Wagner labelled these roles as Hoher Bass (“high bass”)—see fach for more details.
A bass is a type of classical male singing voice and has the lowest vocal range of all voice types. According to The New Grove Dictionary of Opera, a bass is typically classified as having a vocal range extending from around the second E below middle C to the E above middle C (i.e., E2–E4). Its tessitura, or comfortable range, is normally defined by the outermost lines of the bass clef.
Probably the most famous Baritone, Baritone-bass, Bass composition. The Commendatore Scene from Mozart’s opera, “Don Giovanni”
Don Giovanni – Samual Ramsey, Baritone-Bass
Commendatore – Kurt Moll, Bass
Leporello – Ferruccio Furlanetto, Bass