Niccolò Paganini

Composer: Niccolò (or Nicolò) Paganini 
Date of Birth: 27 October 1782
Date of Death: 27 May 1840
Nationality: Italian
Period/Era/Style: Classical era/Romantic transition
Contribution(s): Paganini was an Italian violinist, violist, guitarist, and composer. He was the most celebrated violin virtuoso of his time, and left his mark as one of the pillars of modern violin technique. His 24 Caprices for Solo Violin Op. 1 are among the best known of his compositions, and have served as an inspiration for many prominent composers.

Biography: Childhood

Niccolò Paganini was born in Genoa, then capital of the Republic of Genoa, the third of the six children of Antonio and Teresa (née Bocciardo) Paganini. Paganini’s father was an unsuccessful trader, but he managed to supplement his income through playing music on the mandolin. At the age of five, Paganini started learning the mandolin from his father, and moved to the violin by the age of seven. His musical talents were quickly recognized, earning him numerous scholarships for violin lessons. The young Paganini studied under various local violinists, including Giovanni Servetto and Giacomo Costa, but his progress quickly outpaced their abilities. Paganini and his father then traveled to Parma to seek further guidance from Alessandro Rolla. But upon listening to Paganini’s playing, Rolla immediately referred him to his own teacher, Ferdinando Paer and, later, Paer’s own teacher, Gasparo Ghiretti. Though Paganini did not stay long with Paer or Ghiretti, the two had considerable influence on his composition style.

More on Wikipedia: Early career   |   Travelling virtuoso   |   Late career and health decline   |   Final years, death, and burial   |    Personal and professional relationships   |   Instruments   |   Compositions   |   Violin technique   |   Inspired works   |   Memorials   |   Fiorini daguerreotype   |   Dramatic portrayals

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