The History of Music – Part I (Ancient, Medival & Renaissance Eras)

The Ancient Era (before 500 AD) The Medival Era (500 – 1400) The Renaissance Era (1400 – 1600)



Musical Examples consist of:

Seikilos epitaph – The Seikilos epitaph is a Hellenistic Ionic song in Phrygian octave species and the oldest surviving example of a complete musical composition, including musical notation, from anywhere in the world.

Gregorian chant – Gregorian chant is the central tradition of Western plainchant, a form of monophonic, unaccompanied sacred song of the western Roman Catholic Church. Gregorian chant developed mainly in western and central Europe during the 9th and 10th centuries, with later additions and redactions. Although popular legend credits Pope St. Gregory the Great with inventing Gregorian chant, scholars believe that it arose from a later Carolingian synthesis of Roman chant and Gallican chant.

Organum – is, in general, a plainchant melody with at least one added voice to enhance the harmony, developed in the Middle Ages.

Neidhardt von Reuental (possibly born c. 1190 – died after 1236 or 1237):
-Winter wie ist nu dein Kraft (minnesang) – German medieval tune

Guillaume de Machaut (c. 1300 – April 1377):
-Missa Notre Dame

Guillaume Dufay (August 5, 1397? – November 27, 1474):
-Deus tuorum militum

Johannes Ockeghem (1410/1425 – February 6, 1497):
-Missa Ecce ancilla Domini

Josquin Desprez (c. 1450/1455 – 27 August 1521):
-Missa Pange lingua

Adrian Willaert (c. 1490 – 7 December 1562):
-Qual dolcezza giamai

Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina (c. 1525 – 2 February 1594):
-Missa Papae Marcelli

Orlande de Lassus (1532 (possibly 1530) – 14 June 1594):
-Mattona mia cara, Osculetur me

John Dowland (1563 – buried 20 February 1626):
-Time stands still
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